Main Article Content
Keywords: spirituality, faith, ethics, social work education, social work practice, competence
The Council on Social Work Education (CSWE) recognizes faith and spirituality as a dimension of individual diversity, shaping a person’s identity and experiences in the world (CSWE, 2015). Social workers require an ethical integration of faith and spirituality into their professional practices. Herein, we discuss practical ways to teach students to know themselves, uncover their biases, and ethically address faith and spiritually in a way that it is less likely to be an unconscious influencer on their practice. We give examples from across our curriculum of how we are teaching students to wrestle with their own worldview and to recognize the choices it leads them to want to make with clients.
Barker, S. & Floersch, J. (2010). Practitioners’ understandings of spirituality: Implications for social work education. Journal of Social Work Education, 46(3), 357-370. doi:10.5175/JSWE.2010.200900033
Bogo, M., Rawlings, M., Katz, C., & Logie, C. (2014). Using simulation in assessment and teaching. Council on Social Work Education.
Canda, E. R. (2005). The future of spirituality in social work: The farther reaches of human nurture. Advances in Social Work, 6(1), 97–108.
Chamiec-Case, R. (2007). Exploring the filtering role of Christian beliefs and values in the integration of Christian faith and social work practice. Social Work & Christianity. 34(4), 498-512.
Council on Social Work Education. (2008). Educational policy and accreditation standards. CSWE. Retrieved from https://www.cswe.org/getattachment/Accreditation/Standards-and-Policies/2008-EPAS/2008EDUCATIONALPOLICYANDACCREDITATIONSTANDARDS(EPAS)-08-24-2012.pdf.aspx
Council on Social Work Education. (2015). Educational policy and accreditation standards for Baccalaureate and Master’s social work programs. CSWE. Retrieved from http://www.cswe.org/File.aspx?id=81660
DeCuir-Gunby, J., and Schutz, P. (2017). Developing a mixed methods proposal: A practical guide for beginning researchers. Sage Publishing.
Fowler, J. W. (1979). Perspectives on the family from the standpoint of faith development theory. Perkins Journal, 33(1), 1–19.
Garrison, D. R. (2013). Theoretical foundations and epistemological insights of the Community of Inquiry. In Z. Akyol & D. R. Garrison (eds.), Educational communities of inquiry: Theoretical framework, research and practice (pp. 45-90). Information Science Reference.
Graham, M. A. (1997). Empowering social work faculty, Journal of Teaching in Social Work,15(1/2), 33-49, doi:10.1300/J067v15n01_04
Hodge, D. R. (2000). Spirituality: Towards a theoretical framework, Social Thought, 19:4, 1-20,doi:10.1080/15426432.2000.9960271
Hodge, D. R. (2005). Spiritual assessment: Handbook for helping professionals. North American Association of Christians in Social Work.
Hodge, D. R. (2012). The conceptual and empirical relationship between spirituality and social justice: Exemplars from diverse faith traditions. Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social York: Social Thought, 31:1-2, 32-50, doi: 10.1080/15426432.2012.647878
Kolb, A. Y., & Kolb, D. A. (2005). Learning styles and learning spaces: Enhancing experiential learning in higher education. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 4(2), 193-212. doi:10.5465/AMLE.2005.17268566
Krahenbuhl, K. S. (2016). Student-centered education and constructivism: Challenges, concerns, and clarity for teachers. The Clearing House, 89(3), 97. doi:10.1080/00098655.2016.1191311
Oxhandler, H. & Giardina, T. (2017). Social workers’ perceived barriers to and sources of support for integrating clients’ religion and spirituality in practice. Social Work, 4, 323- 332. doi:10.1093/sw/swx036
Oxhandler, H., Chamiec-Case, R., Wolfer,T., & Marraccino, J. (2021). Integrating social workers’ Christian faith in social work: A national survey. Social Work & Christianity, 48(1), 52-74. doi:10.34043/swc.v48il.160
Pew Research Center. (2018). Religious landscape study. Retrieved from www.pewforum.org/religous-landscape0study/
Poulin, J., & Matis, S. (2015). Social work competencies and multidimensional assessment. Journal of Baccalaureate Social Work, 20(1), 117-135. doi:10.18084/1084-7188.8.131.52
Senreich, E. (2013). An inclusive definition of spirituality for social work education and practice. Journal of Social Work Education, 49, 548-563. doi:10.10880/10437797.2013.812460
Sherwood, D. (2004, November 29). Ethics in social work practice: Evangelism, prayer, and other value conflicts.” Two-hour nationally transmitted audio conference sponsored by the North American Association of Christians in Social Work for professional social work continuing education credit. [PDF document]. Retrieved from https://www.nacsw.org/sw/onlineceutraining/ethics-social-work-practice-evangelism-prayer-other-value-conflicts