More Than Conquerors: Embracing Transformational Leadership and Spiritual Coping During the Pandemic

Main Article Content

Telvis M. Rich
Kesslyn Brade Stennis


transformational leadership, spiritual coping


The global pandemic, COVID-19, has greatly impacted the lives of many, including Christian social workers in practice, in social work education and in their worship. At the height of the pandemic, the operations within practice settings, higher education and places of worship changed and led to a host of challenges. In this paper, the co-authors use a reflective lens to highlight the challenges experienced by Christian social workers. Further, they provide examples and recommendations associated with spiritual coping and transformational leadership and for addressing professional and personal interruptions caused by the pandemic



Abstract 291 |


Boamah, S. A., Laschinger, H. K. S., Wong, C., & Clarke, S. (2018). Effect of transformational
leadership on job satisfaction and patient safety outcomes. Nursing outlook, 66(2),

Boserup, B., McKenney, M., & Elkbuli, A. (2020). Alarming trends in US domestic violence during the COVID-19 pandemic. The American journal of emergency medicine, 38(12), 2753-2755.

Collins, W. L. (2005). Embracing spirituality as an element of professional self-care. Social Work & Christianity, 32(3).

Czeisler, M. É., Lane, R. I., Petrosky, E., Wiley, J. F., Christensen, A., Njai, R., ... & Rajaratnam, S. M. (2020). Mental health, substance use, and suicidal ideation during the COVID-19 pandemic—United States, June 24–30, 2020. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 69(32), 1049.

Dudley, J. R. (2016). Spirituality matters in social work: Connecting spirituality, religion, and practice. Routledge.

Eruchalu, C. N., Pichardo, M. S., Bharadwaj, M., Rodriguez, C. B., Rodriguez, J. A., Bergmark, R. W., ... & Ortega, G. (2021). The expanding digital divide: digital health access inequities during the COVID-19 pandemic in New York City. Journal of Urban Health, 98(2), 183-186.

Jackson, L. A., Zhao, Y., Kolenic III, A., Fitzgerald, H. E., Harold, R., & Von Eye, A. (2008). Race, gender, and information technology use: The new digital divide. Cyber Psychology & Behavior, 11(4), 437-442.

Kantamneni, N. (2020). The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on marginalized populations in the United States: A research agenda.

Kerrissey, M. J., & Edmondson, A. C. (2020). What good leadership looks like during this pandemic. Harvard Business Review, 13(1).

National Association of Social Workers. (2021). Code of ethics. Washington, DC: Author.

Pargament, K., Feuille, M., & Burdzy, D. (2011). The Brief RCOPE: Current psychometric status of a short measure of religious coping. Religions, 2(1), 51-76.

Pooler, D. K. (2011). Professional Flourishing: Re-visioning Self-Care Using Imago Dei. Social Work & Christianity, 38(4).

Ramsetty, A., & Adams, C. (2020). Impact of the digital divide in the age of COVID-19. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 27(7), 1147-1148.

Ribeiro, M. R. C., Damiano, R. F., Marujo, R., Nasri, F., & Lucchetti, G. (2020). The role of spirituality in the COVID-19 pandemic: a spiritual hotline project. Journal of Public Health, 42(4), 855-856.

Roubini, N. (2020). Coronavirus pandemic has delivered the fastest, deepest economic shock in history. The guardian, 25(March).

Stoeffler, S. W., Joseph, R., & Creedon, E. (2020). The Community Empowerment Framework: A Benchmark for Christian Social Work. Social Work & Christianity, 47(3).

Suprapti, S., Asbari, M., Cahyono, Y., & Mufid, A. (2020). Leadership Style, Organizational Culture and Innovative Behavior on Public Health Center Performance during Pandemic Covid-19. Journal of Industrial Engineering & Management Research, 1(2), 76-88.

Van Dijk, J. A. (2017). Digital divide: Impact of access. The international encyclopedia of media effects, 1-11.

Vogels, E., Perrin, A., Rainie, L., & Anderson, M. (2020). 53% of Americans Say the Internet Has Been Essential during the COVID-19 Outbreak: Americans with Lower Incomes Are Particularly Likely to Have Concerns Related to the Digital Divide and the Digital" Homework Gap". Pew Research Center.

Wilder, J. M. (2021). The disproportionate impact of COVID-19 on racial and ethnic minorities in the United States.