Main Article Content
religion, faith, spirituality, intimate partner violence, domestic violence
Little is known about the role that religious-faith plays in the lives of men who have acted abusively against an intimate partner. Studies report mixed findings about the relationship between religious-faith and intimate partner violence/abuse (IPV/A) perpetration. This study explored the perceptions of Latino men involved in a parish-based partner abuse intervention program (PAIP). Two focus groups were conducted with members of the PAIP (N=18). Two major themes emerged. Participants reported using religious-faith as a mechanism for ending violence. However, participants also reported past misuse of religion in order to gain control over intimate partners. These apparently conflicting roles of religion were further elucidated in several sub-themes. Religious-faith is complex. This study offers insight into how faith may serve as both a risk and protective factor for IPV/A perpetration. Implications for how intervention programs may address participants’ religious-faith during treatment and how religio-spiritual abuse is measured are discussed.
Archer, J. (2000). Sex differences in physical aggression to partners: A reply to Frieze (2000), O'Leary (2000), and White, Smith, Koss, and Figueredo (2000). Psychological Bulletin, 126(5), 697–702. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.126.5.697
Arias, I., & Corso, P. (2005). Average cost per person victimized by an intimate partner of the opposite gender: A comparison of men and women. Violence and Victims, 20(4), 379-391.
Archer, J. (2000). Sex Differences in Aggression Between Heterosexual Partners: A Meta-Analytic Review. Psychological Bulletin, 126(5), 651.
Arias, I., & Corso, P. (2005). Average Cost per Person Victimized by an Intimate Partner of the Opposite Gender: A Comparison of Men and Women. Violence and Victims, 20(4), 379-391.
Baxter, L. A. (1991). Content analysis. In B. M. Montgomery, & S. Duck, Studying Interpersonal Interaction (pp. 239-254). New York: The Guilford Press.
Bazeley, P. (2009). Analysing qualitative data: More than 'identifying themes'. Malaysian Journal of Qualitative Research, 2(2), 6-22.
Bent-Goodley, T., & Fowler, D. (2006). Spiritual and Religious Abuse. Journal of Women and Social Work, 21(3), 282-295.
Bernard, H. R. (2013). Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Bhandari, S., Bullock, L. C., Richardson, J. W., Kimeto, P., Campbell, J. C., & Sharps, P. W. (2015). Comparison of Abuse Experiences of Rural and Urban African American Women During Perinantal Period. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30(12).
Black, M. C., Basile, K. C., Breiding, M. J., Smith, S. G., Walters, M. L., Merrick, M. T., . . . Stevens, M. R. (2011). The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS): 2010 Summary Report. Atlanta, GA: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevetion/nisvd/2010_report.html
Bottoms, B. L., Shaver, P. R., Goodman, G. S., & Qin, J. J. (1995). In the name of God: a profile of religion-related child abuse. Journal of Social Issues, 51, 85-111.
Breiding, M. J., Chen, J., & Black, M. C. (2014). Intimate Partner Violence in the United States. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Cobas, J. A., Duany, J., & Feagin, J. R. (2015). How the United States racializes Latinos: White hegemony and its consequences. New York: Routledge.
Corvo, K., & Johnson, P. J. (2003). Vilification of the "batterer": How blame shapes domestic violence policy and interventions. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 8(3), 259-281.
Costa, B. M., Kaestle, C. E., Walker, A., Curtis, A., Day, A., Toumbourou, J. W., & Miller, P. (2015). Longitudinal predictors of domestic violence perpetration and victimization: A systematic review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 24, 261-272.
Crane, C. A., Hawes, S. W., Mandel, D., & Easton, C. (2013). Informed consent: An ethical issue in conducting research with male partner violent offenders. Ethics & Behavior, 23(6), 477-488.
Creswell, J. W., & Poth, C. N. (2017). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Cunradi, C. B., Caetano, R., & Schafer, J. (2002). Religious affiliation, denominational homogamy, and intimate partner violence among US couples. Journal for the scientific study of religion, 41(1), 139-151.
Davis, M. (2015). Theorizing Religious Abuse in the Context of Intimate Partner Violence: The African-American Community. Journal of Black Sexuality & Relationships, 1(4).
Dedoose Version 8.0.35, web application for managing, analyzing, and presenting qualitative and mixed method research data (2018). Los Angeles, CA: SocioCultural Research Consultants, LLC www.dedoose.com.
Dollahite, D., Marks, L., & Dalton, H. (2018). Why religion helps and harms families: A conceptual model of a system of dualities at the nexus of faith and family life. Joournal of Family Theory & Review, 10(1), 219-241.
Dutton, D., & Golant, S. (2008). The batterer: A psychological profile. Basic Books.
Ellison, C., Trinitapoli, J., Anderson, K., & Johnson, B. (2007, November). Race/Ethnicity, Religious Involvement, and Domestic Violence. Violence Against Women, 13(11), 10941112.
Ennis, S. R., Rios-Vargas, M., & Albert, N. G. (2011). The Hispanic population: 2010. U.S. Census Bureau.
Fusch, P. I., & Ness, L. R. (2015). Are we there yet? Data saturation in qualitative research. The Qualitative Report, 9, 1408-1416.
Fusch, P. I., & Ness, L. R. (2015). Are we there yet? Data Saturation in Qualitative Research. The Qualitative Report, 20(9), 1408-1416.
García-Moreno, C., Pallitto, C., Devries, K., Stöckl, H., Watts, C., & Abrahams, N. (2013). Global and regional estimates of violence against women: prevalence and health effects of intimate partner violence and non-partner sexual violence. World Health Organization.
Hassouneh-Phillips, D. S. (2001). "Marriage is Half of Faith and the Rest is Fear of Allah" Marriage and Spousal Abuse Among American Muslims. Violence Against Women, 7(8), 927-946.
Hill, C. E., Knox, S., Thompson, B. J., Nutt-Williams, K., Hess, S. A., & Ladany, N. (2005). Consensual qualitative research: An update. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 52(2), 196-205.
Hoeft, J. (2009). Agency, Culture, and Human Personhood: Pastoral Theology ad Itimate Partner Violence. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock Publishers.
Hubbert, P. D. (2011). Transforming the Spirit: Spirituality in the Treatment of the African American Male Perpetrator of Intimate Partner Violence. Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought, 30(2), 125-143.
Koch, J. R., & Ramirez, I. L. (2010). Religiousity, Christian fundamentalism, and intimate partner violence among U.S. college students. Review of Religious Research, 51, 402-410.
Krueger, A. R., & Casey, A. M. (2010). Focus groups: A practical guide for applied researchers (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Kyriakakis, S., Waller, B., Kagotho, N., & Edmond, T. (2014). Conducting safe research with at-risk populations: Design strategies from a study of unauthorized immigrant women experiencing intimate abuse. Qualitative Social Work, 1-16.
Lasch, K. E., Marquis, P., Vigneux, M., Abetz, L., Arnould, B., & Bayliss, M. (2010). PRO development: Rigorous qualitative research as the crucial foundation. Quality of Life Research, 19(8), 1087-1096.
Levin, J. (2010). Religion and mental health: Theory and research. International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies, 7(2), 102-115.
Martinez, J., & Lipka, M. (2014). Hispanic millennials are less religious than older U.S. Hispanics. Washington DC: Pew Research Center.
McAllister, J. M., & Roberts-Lewis, A. (2010). Social worker's role in helping the church address intimate partner violence: An invisible problem. Social Work and Christianity, 37(2), 161-187.
Miles, A. (2000). Domestic violence: What every pastor needs to know. Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress Press.
Miles, M. B., Huberman, A. M., & Saldaña, J. (2013). Qualitative data analysis. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Office of Management and Budget. (1997). Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity. Retrieved from White House: Office of Management and Budget: www.whitehouse.gov/omb/fedreg_1997standards
Onwuegbuzie, A. J., Dickinson, W. B., Leech, N. L., & Zoran, A. G. (2009). A qualitative framework for collecting and analyzing data in focus group research. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 8(3), 1-21.
Potter, H. (2008). Battle Cries: Black Women and Intimate Partner Violence. New York, New York: New York University Press.
Powell, L. H., Shahabi, L., & Thoresen, C. E. (2003). Religion and spirituality: Linkages to physical health. American psychologist, 58(1), 36-52.
Renzetti, C. M., DeWall, C. N., Messer, A., & Pond, R. (2017). By the Grace of God Religiosity, Religious Self-Regulation, and Perpetration of Intimate Partner Violence. Journal of Family Issues, 38(14), 1974-1997.
Rivera, J. (1994). Domestic violence against Latinas by Latino males: An analysis of race, national origin, and gender differentials. Boston College Third World Law Journal, 231-257.
Rodriquez, G. (2015). Language and Health in the Hispanic/Latino Population. Yale Medicine Thesis Digital Library.
Rothman, E. F., Butchart, A., & Cerda, M. (2003). Intervening with perpetrators of intimate partner violence: A global perspective. Geneva: World Health Organization.
Rotunda, R. J., WIlliamson, G., & Penfold, M. (2004). Clergy Response to Domestic Violence: A preliminary Survey of CLergy Members, Victims, and Batterers. Pastoral Psychology, 52(4), 353-365.
Saldaña, J. (2015). The coding manual for qualitative researchers. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Simonic, B., Mandelj, T. R., & Novsak, R. (2013). Religious-Related Abuse in the Family. Journal of Family Violence, 28, 339-349.
Stith, S. M., Smith, D. B., Penn, C. E., Ward, D. B., & Tritt, D. (2004). Intimate partner physical abuse perpetration and victimization risk factors: A meta-analytic review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 10(1), 65-98.
Straus, M. A. (1997). Physical assaults by women partners: A major social problem. Women, men, and gender: Ongoing debates, 210-221.
Sussman, R. W. (2014). The Myth of Race: The troubling persitance of an unscientific idea. Harvard Unviersity Press.
Taylor, P., Lopez, M. H., Martinez, J., & Velasco, G. (2012). Identity, pan-ethnicity and race. Washington, D.C.: Pew Research Center.
Thomas, G., & Shapiro, H. (1993). Understanding domestic violence: A recovery resource for battered women and those who work with them. (B. Corry, Ed.) Care Program.
Todhunter, R. G., & Deaton, J. (2010). The relationship between religious and spiritual factors and the perpetration of intimate personal violence. Journal of Family Violence, 25, 745-753.
Zuberi, T. (2001). Thicker than blood: How racial statistics lie. University of Minnesota Press.